Accessibility resources

Checklists

Guidelines

Industry leaders, educators, and consultants

Online courses

Pattern/component libraries

Requirements and standards

  • ๐ŸŒ WCAG 2.0 โ€” the W3Cโ€™s โ€œWeb Content Accessibility Guidelinesโ€ web standards specification
  • ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ ADA โ€” Americans with Disabilities Act prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities
  • ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Section 508 โ€” amendment to the Workforce Rehabilitation Act federally mandating all tech developed, procured, maintained, or used by the federal government be accessible to persons with disabilities
  • ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ AODA โ€” Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act, enacted for the province to become โ€œaccessible for people with disabilities by 2025โ€

Testing tools and development references

  • Accessible-email.org โ€” browser-based semantic analysis to report a11y and usability issues errors in marketing emails
  • Colors palettes & contrast testing tools โ€” listed in the โ€œColorsโ€ category ๐Ÿ‘‡
  • HTML5 Accessibility โ€” lists current accessibility support status of HTML5 features across major browsers
  • pa11y โ€” automated accessibility testing on the command line for programmatic accessibility reporting
  • tota11y โ€” Khan Academyโ€™s jQuery-based semantic analysis that can be inserted into a page or run as a bookmarklet

Further reading

  • Accessibility Wins โ€” single-serving Tumblr showcasing small victories in accessible web design and development
  • Awesome Accessibility โ€” a curated list of awesome accessibility tools, articles and resources on GitHub
  • Books on accessibility โ€” listed in the โ€œBooksโ€ category ๐Ÿ‘‡

Books and zines

Please note: none of the following links are affiliate links.

Individual publications

Accessibility

History

Independent practice, consulting, freelancing

Process and mindset

User experience and interaction design

User research

Publishers and distributors

  • A Book Apart โ€” top of the class brief books for people who make websites
  • Chronicle Books โ€” innovative and design-y adult and childrenโ€™s books, based in San Francisco
  • Draw Down โ€” large catalog of small-press books and zines on graphic design, culture, criticism, art, and more
  • Gestalten โ€” high-quality books on graphic design, art, and culture
  • MIT Press โ€” hundreds of new books published yearly from leading researchers on technology, art, and science
  • Rosenfeld Media โ€“ user experience books, training, workshops, seminars, and experts
  • Smashing Magazine โ€” affordable, practical books from digital design practitioners

Browser features

Google Chrome extensions and bookmarklets

  • Tachyons X-ray โ€” debug & align objects to an 8 or 16px grid
  • Type Sample โ€” identify and sample webfonts โ€” 3 samples for free, or unlimited samples for $5/year subscription. available as a bookmarklet or Chrome extension
  • WhatFont? โ€” inspect a webfontโ€™s name, family, weight, size, style, color, line height, and source (if hosted via Google Fonts or Typekit)

Google Chrome DevTools

Brushes

  • Kyle T. Webster โ€” best Photoshop brushes for drawing and adding small texture (though they are not of much use without a pressure-sensitive tablet)
  • RetroSupply โ€” Photoshop and Illustrator brushes for multiple uses, including adding large (2000px) texture. recommended packs: Standard Issue Brush & Texture Bundle, Standard Issue Subtle Brush Kit, VectorFuzz
  • Shauna Lynn Panczyszynโ€™s โ€œHand Lettering Toolboxโ€ โ€” Photoshop brushes made exclusively for digital lettering, with more specific sets here
  • Syd Weiler โ€” gorgeous Photoshop brushes, niched mostly toward organic shapes and textures

Colors and color palettes

  • clrs.cc โ€” really pretty default colors for prototyping
  • Coolors โ€” interactive color palette generator
  • Google Material design colors โ€” choose from all the hues in Googleโ€™s material design palette, see a tint and shade of each, and test against white & black text for accessibility
  • Kuler โ€” Adobe color palette resource
  • Paletteable โ€” interactive color palette generator
  • Sip โ€” [paid] โ€” pretty macOS and iOS colorpicker app, allows you to save custom palettes
  • Wikipediaโ€™s category for color shades โ€” if you wanna nerd out

Accessible color palettes

  • Randoma11y โ€” accessibility-friendly random color generator for text & background combinations

Accessibility testing tools

  • Color Oracle โ€” open source macOS color blindness simulator
  • Contrast Analyzer โ€” open source macOS eye-dropper tool for text/bg accessibility testing, shows fail/AA Large/AA/AAA results
  • Contrast โ€” [paid] โ€” minimal & gorgeous macOS menubar eye-dropper tool, shows fail/AA Large/AA/AAA results
  • Hex Naw โ€” input up to 12 hex codes to test entire color systems for accessible contrast
  • Online contrast checker โ€”ย input text/bg hex codes for accessible contrast testing
  • Spectrum โ€” Google Chrome extension to instantly test web pages for different types of color vision deficiency

Fonts

Directories and marketplaces

  • Google Fonts โ€” hundreds of free webfonts hosted via Google or self-hosted, downloadable via GitHub repo with individual licenses
  • MyFonts โ€” thousands of fonts from all kinds of foundries, includes some trial fonts & free families. (good for searching and testing, but itโ€™s better to buy through the foundries themselves!)
  • TypeKit โ€” included with Adobe CC subscription, some fonts & families are only available for desktop or web use. larger selection available for individual purchase through Typekit Marketplace
  • Type Network โ€” incredibly high-quality fonts by select independent foundries
  • YouWorkForThem โ€” thousands of fonts in the โ€œoriginal creative marketplaceโ€

Individual foundries

Icons and emoji

  • EmojiOne โ€” [free & paid] โ€” emoji set with free & premium licensing options available; downloadable as pngs, vectors, and font files
  • Emojipedia โ€” [free] โ€” every emoji, ever
  • Google Material Design icons โ€” [free] โ€” 900+ open source icons from Googleโ€™s gorgeous design language
  • The Noun Project โ€” [free & paid] โ€” available for use with Creative Commons attribution or available to purchase without attribution for fair prices; best quality selection in one place
  • SymbolSet โ€” [paid] โ€” super high-quality icon fonts categorized by topic and style
  • Vector Emoji โ€” [free] โ€” iOS emoji faces recreated in vector as layered PSDs or Sketch files

Inspiration and criticism websites

Brand identity

  • BP & O โ€” killer packaging and brand design gallery
  • Brand New โ€” brand identity case studies
  • Shipcom โ€” collection of shipping, manufacturing, transport, and logistics logos

Illustration and art

  • Boooooooom โ€” art, illustration, design, photography interviews and features
  • Jacky Winter โ€” illustration collective

Motion

  • Wine After Coffee โ€” curated channel of the best motion graphics, animation, and video
  • Art of the Menu โ€” restaurant-specific print menu design case studies
  • Designspiration โ€” photography, print design, cool stuff gallery, Pinterest style
  • FPO โ€” print design case studies
  • Grafik โ€” cutting-edge and old school fringe aesthetic case studies
  • Itโ€™s Nice That โ€” creative inspiration worldwide
  • Mind Sparkle Mag โ€” print, brand, interior, industrial design features
  • Trendlist โ€” graphic design trends for the designerโ€™s designer

Typography

  • Alphabettes โ€” commentary, research, and work showcases by women in type design
  • Fonts In Use โ€” highest quality public archive of typography indexed by typeface, format, and industry
  • Typographica โ€” reviews and commentary on type books and typefaces
  • Type Wolf โ€” curated examples of typography on the web with premium guides and resources

Web, mobile, product

UX patterns and components

  • Capptivate โ€” mobile design patterns and components in video form
  • Collect UI โ€” UI design components gallery populated from Dribbble posts
  • Empty Stat.es โ€” empty state designs
  • Little Big Details โ€” delightful, thoughtful UX components that make a big difference
  • PTTRNS โ€” mobile design patterns and components
  • Pattern Tap โ€” website components gallery
  • UI Movement โ€” UI design components gallery and newsletter, largely culled from Dribbble
  • Unmatched Style โ€” website design and interactive components gallery

Visual design

macOS apps

Development

  • Dash โ€” [paid] โ€” instant offline access to 150+ API documentation sets.

Font management

  • RightFont โ€” [paid] โ€” preview, sync, install, and manage fonts on your Mac or Dropbox/Google Drive
  • LittleIpsum โ€” [free] โ€” sgenerate lorem ipsum lightning fast (can automatically wrap in p tags, too)
  • LICEcap โ€” [free] โ€” weirdest name, most straightforward and lightweight way to capture parts of your screen as a gif (also available for Windows)

Mockups

  • Facebook Design โ€” [free] โ€” diverse hands holding mobile devices
  • Graphicburger โ€” [free] โ€” physical product mockups & templates
  • GraphicRiver โ€” [paid] โ€” any product mockup you could ever think of
  • Pixeden โ€” [free & paid] โ€” physical product mockups & templates

Prototyping tools

  • Adobe Experience Design โ€” included with Adobe CC subscription, for creating wireframes and protoyping interactivity
  • Atomic โ€” prototyping tool for mobile or desktop interactions or animations
  • Figma โ€” the first real-time collaborative interface design tool
  • Framer โ€” prototyping tool built on framer.js for prototyping mobile and desktop apps
  • InVision โ€” collaborative click-through prototyping tool for web and mobile
  • Marvel โ€” simple click-through prototyping tool for web and mobile apps
  • Principle โ€” motion design prototyping tool for mobile and web applications
  • ๐Ÿ‘† More details on these apps and the differences between them @ cooper.com

Stock graphics

  • CreativeMarket โ€” huge marketplace for design assets of varying qualities (including fonts and stock photos), great for when you need to recreate a specific style or work in a particular niche
  • RetroSupply โ€” well-made and well-priced assets that skew toward retro/vintage
  • YouWorkForThem โ€” cool textures and imagery from the original online creative marketplace

Stock photography

  • Death to the Stock Photo โ€” [free & paid] โ€” new sets emailed weekly, premium plans available for more photos and unlimited access
  • Gratisography โ€” [free] โ€” photos by one photographer requiring no attribution, most are weird but some are chill to save in a folder for later since theyโ€™re free
  • Magdeline โ€” [free] โ€” similar to unsplash, some are licensed in public domain, some require Creative Commons attribution
  • Masterfile โ€” [paid] โ€” stock photos, a little higher quality than iStock. registered account includes unwatermarked hi-res comps
  • Stocksy โ€” [paid] โ€” high quality, stylish lifestyle paid stock photos (watermarked comps)
  • Unsplash โ€” [free] โ€” the first of the hip and gorgeous free with no strings attached stock photo sites
  • Women of Color in Tech โ€” [free] โ€” photos of women in color in tech settings since every other stock photo site fails at this hardcore

User testing and interactive feedback tools

  • Lookback โ€” users record their screen, face, voice, and touches while using your site/app/prototype/wireframe
  • UsabilityHub โ€” for quick 5-minute qualitative, navigation-based, or hot-spot based remote tests for static images or a series of images
  • UserTesting โ€” finds participants for you, runs a usability test, and records and stores videos of real people speaking their thoughts as they use your site/app/prototype/wireframe